Aurélien Manchon

Localisation

R3

Grade

PU2

Function

enseignant - chercheur

manchon.jpg

Activity

Magnétisme, spintronique, matière condensée

Themes

My research concerns theoretical condensed matter physics and in particular quantum transport in heterostructures. I develop theoretical models to explore novel ways to control magnetic order parameters and spin degree of freedom by electrical, thermal and optical means. The rational behind this approach is to address fundamental problems of condensed matter (the nature of spin-orbit coupled transport in ultrathin magnetic heterostructures, the orbital physics behind Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction etc.), and propose innovative mechanisms that can be exploited in disruptive spintronic devices. 

Spintronics aims at marrying the science of spin, the fundamental rotational degree of freedom of the electron, with microelectronics technology. Whereas most of the commercial microelectronics available is based on the charge of the carrier (electron or hole), the objective of spintronics is to rely on the spin of the carrier to generate low-energy consumption functional devices.

This requires a profound understanding of condensed matter physics phenomena such as spin relaxation, decoherence and dynamics in complex magnetic structures. Our group focuses on a number of topics related to spin transport in hybrid devices, including spin transfer torque, spin-orbit coupled transport and torques, topological materials and ultrafast magnetization dynamics.

 

Computational methods

In order to explore new materials and discover novel physical phenomena, we use a variety of theoretical and computational tools, ranging from phenomenological approaches to realistic modeling, such as: 

- Linear response theory, quantum kinetics and Kubo formula on model systems

- Non-equilibrium Green’s function methods implemented on real-space Hamiltonians​ (KWANT)

- Density functional theory (VASPFLEURATK etc.)

- Micromagnetic modeling (OOMMFmuMag​ etc.)

Recherche

Antiferromagnetic spintronics

Antiferromagnetic materials could represent the future of spintronic applications thanks to the numerous interesting features they combine: they are robust against perturbation due to magnetic fields, produce no stray fields, display ultrafast THz dynamics, and are capable of generating large magneto-transport effects. Our research aims at understanding spin transport and magnetization dynamics in various classes of materials presenting antiferromagnetic order and explore their ability for electric manipulation and data storage.​​​​​​​​​​​​​

For more information:

Antiferromagnetic spintronics, V. Baltz, A. Manchon, M. Tsoi, T. Moriyama, T. Ono, and Y. Tserkovnyak, Rev. Mod. Phys. 90, 015005 (2018).

The multiple directions of antiferromagnetic spintronics, T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. Manchon, X. Marti, J. Wunderlich, and C. Felser, Nat. Phys. 14, 200 (2018).

Spin-orbit physics in topological materials

Topological materials are a revolutionary class of systems displaying fascinating properties such as topologically protected, spin-momentum locked surface states combined with insulating bulk, or even Weyl-type energy dispersion. As such, they do not only offer room temperature, lab-accessible test bench for the realization of particle physics ideas, but they also present outstanding opportunities for spintronics applications. Our goal is to scrutinize these various systems to exploit their spin-orbitronics capabilities and uncover novel exciting phenomena. And if, during this charming trip, we encounter effective black holes and strange quasiparticles, it’s even more fun!​​​​​​​​​

Magnetic topologies and textures

Chiral objects are ubiquitous in science and pose fundamental challenges, such as the importance of chiral molecules in commercial drugs or the dominance of matter over antimatter in the universe. Magnetic materials lacking inversion symmetry, called chiral magnets, constitute a unique platform for the exploration and control of chiral objects. Our objective here is to understand magnetization dynamics in chiral magnets and propose routes for improving these properties, always keeping in mind experimental realization and potential technological interest.

Spin-orbitronics in transition metals

Spin-orbit coupling is central to magnetism and spintronics, where it drives magnetic anisotropy, spin relaxation, magnetic damping, anisotropic magnetoresistance and anomalous Hall effect. Quite surprisingly, in spite of its already long history, this fundamental interaction has been pivotal to several revolutions in the past ten years. As a matter of fact, all the effects mentioned above exist in systems where inversion symmetry is preserved. But when inversion symmetry is broken, such as in certain classes of magnetic crystals or at interfaces, spin-orbit coupling triggers a number of fascinating phenomena such as antisymmetric magnetic exchange giving rise to topologically non-trivial magnetic textures, spin-momentum locking, spin-orbit torques, chiral magnetic damping etc. This broad area of research is called spin-orbitronics. 

For more information:

Current-induced spin-orbit torques in ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic systems, A. Manchon, J. Zelezny, I. M. Miron, T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, K. Garello, and P. Gamberdella, Review of Modern Physics 91, 035004 (2019).

New perspectives for Rashba spin-orbit coupling, A. Manchon, H.C. Koo, J. Nitta, S.M. Frolov, R.A. Duine, Nature Materials 14, 871–882 (2015).  

 

Parcours

EDUCATION

 2007                PhD in Physics, University Joseph Fourier & CEA/DSM/INAC/SPINTEC laboratory, Grenoble, France

2004                Master of Science “Lasers and Matter” Summa Cum Laude, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau & University Paris XI, Orsay, France

2004                Master of Engineering,  Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France

CURRENT POSITION  

2019-Now       Professor of Physics, Centre Interdisciplinaire de Nanoscience de Marseille (CINaM), Aix-Marseille University, France

PREVIOUS POSITIONS  

2015-2019      Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, affiliated with Electrical Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

2009-2015      Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

2007-2009       Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri-Columbia and University of Arizona-Tucson, USA

2004-2007       Research Fellow, CEA/DSM/INAC/SPINTEC laboratory, Grenoble, France

2003-2004       Research Assistant, ONERA, Palaiseau, France

FELLOWSHIPS AND AWARDS 

2022                IEEE Distinguished Lecturer, awarded by IEEE Magnetics Society

2020                Wohlfarth Lecturer, awarded by IOP Magnetism group and IEEE UK Magnetic Chapter.

2017                Selected by the Editorial Board of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter as an Emerging Leader

 

Publications

2023

Spin-orbit torque for field-free switching in C 3 v crystals

Diego García Ovalle, Armando Pezo, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B 107:094422 (2023)10.1103/PhysRevB.107.094422

Pseudo electric field and pumping valley current in graphene nanobubbles

Naif Hadadi, Adel Belayadi, Ahmed Alrabiah, Ousmane Ly, Collins Ashu Akosa, Michael Vogl, Hocine Bahlouli, Aurelien Manchon, Adel Abbout

Physical Review B 108:195418 (2023)10.1103/PhysRevB.108.195418

Orbital Hall physics in two-dimensional Dirac materials

Armando Pezo, Diego García Ovalle, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B 108:075427 (2023)10.1103/PhysRevB.108.075427

ZnSe and ZnTe as tunnel barriers for Fe-based spin valves

Gokaran Shukla, Hasan M Abdullah, Avijeet Ray, Shubham Tyagi, Aurélien Manchon, Stefano Sanvito, Udo Schwingenschlögl

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 25:13533-13541 (2023)10.1039/D3CP00833A

Topological Phases in Magnonics

Fengjun Zhuo, Jian Kang, Aurélien Manchon, Zhenxiang Cheng

Advanced Physics Research (2023)10.1002/apxr.202300054

2022

Rashba-like physics in condensed matter

Gustav Bihlmayer, Paul Noël, Denis Vyalikh, Evgueni Chulkov, Aurélien Manchon

Nature Reviews Physics 4:642-659 (2022)10.1038/s42254-022-00490-y

Topological aspects of antiferromagnets

V Bonbien, Fengjun Zhuo, A Salimath, O Ly, A Abbout, A Manchon

Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 55:103002 (2022)10.1088/1361-6463/ac28fa

Unconventional Robust Spin-Transfer Torque in Noncollinear Antiferromagnetic Junctions

Srikrishna Ghosh, Aurelien Manchon, Jakub Železný

Physical Review Letters 128:097702 (2022)10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.097702

Unified formulation of interfacial magnonic pumping from noncollinear magnets

Virgile Guemard, Aurelien Manchon

Physical Review B 105:054433 (2022)10.1103/PhysRevB.105.054433

Current-Induced Magnetization Switching Across a Nearly Room-Temperature Compensation Point in an Insulating Compensated Ferrimagnet

Yan Li, Dongxing Zheng, Chen Liu, Chenhui Zhang, Bin Fang, Aitian Chen, Yinchang Ma, Aurelien Manchon, Xixiang Zhang

ACS Nano 16:8181-8189 (2022)10.1021/acsnano.2c01788

Unconventional Spin Pumping and Magnetic Damping in an Insulating Compensated Ferrimagnet

Yan Li, Dongxing Zheng, Bin Fang, Chen Liu, Chenhui Zhang, Aitian Chen, Yinchang Ma, Ka Shen, Haoliang Liu, Aurelien Manchon, Xixiang Zhang

Advanced Materials 34:2200019 (2022)10.1002/adma.202200019

Current-induced self-switching of perpendicular magnetization in CoPt single layer

Liang Liu, Chenghang Zhou, Tieyang Zhao, Bingqing Yao, Jing Zhou, Xinyu Shu, Shaohai Chen, Shu Shi, Shibo Xi, Da Lan, Weinan Lin, Qidong Xie, Lizhu Ren, Zhaoyang Luo, Chao Sun, Ping Yang, Er-Jia Guo, Zhili Dong, Aurelien Manchon, Jingsheng Chen

Nature Communications 13:3539 (2022)10.1038/s41467-022-31167-w

Influence of the surface states on the nonlinear Hall effect in Weyl semimetals

Diego García Ovalle, Armando Pezo, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B 106:214435 (2022)10.1103/PhysRevB.106.214435

Orbital Hall effect in crystals: Interatomic versus intra-atomic contributions

Armando Pezo, Diego García Ovalle, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B 106:104414 (2022)10.1103/PhysRevB.106.104414

Imaging current control of magnetization in Fe 3 GeTe 2 with a widefield nitrogen-vacancy microscope

Islay O Robertson, Cheng Tan, Sam C Scholten, Alexander J Healey, Gabriel J Abrahams, Guolin Zheng, Aurélien Manchon, Lan Wang, Jean-Philippe Tetienne

2D Materials 10:015023 (2022)10.1088/2053-1583/acab73

Rashba–Edelstein Effect in the h‐BN Van Der Waals Interface for Magnetization Switching

Qidong Xie, Weinan Lin, Jinghua Liang, Hengan Zhou, Moaz Waqar, Ming Lin, Siew Lang Teo, Hao Chen, Xiufang Lu, Xinyu Shu, Liang Liu, Shaohai Chen, Chenghang Zhou, Jianwei Chai, Ping Yang, Kian Ping Loh, John Wang, Wanjun Jiang, Aurelien Manchon, Hongxin Yang, Jingsheng Chen

Advanced Materials 34:2109449 (2022)10.1002/adma.202109449

High-efficiency magnon-mediated magnetization switching in all-oxide heterostructures with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

Dongxing Zheng, Jin Lan, Bin Fang, Yan D Li, Chen Liu, J. Omar Ledesma-Martin, Yan Wen, Peng Li, Chenhui Zhang, Yinchang Ma, Ziqiang Qiu, Kai Liu, Aurelien Manchon, Xixiang Zhang

Advanced Materials 34:2203038 (2022)10.1002/adma.202203038

Magnonic Metamaterials for Spin-Wave Control with Inhomogeneous Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya Interactions

Fengjun Zhuo, Hang Li, Zhenxiang Cheng, Aurélien Manchon

Nanomaterials 12:1159 (2022)10.3390/nano12071159

2021

Control of spin–charge conversion in van der Waals heterostructures

Regina Galceran, Bo Tian, Junzhu Li, Frédéric Bonell, Matthieu Jamet, Céline Vergnaud, Alain Marty, Juan Sierra, Marius Costache, Jose García, Stephan Roche, Sergio Valenzuela, Aurélien Manchon, Xixiang Zhang, Udo Schwingenschlögl

APL Materials 9:100901 (2021)10.1063/5.0054865

Competition between Chiral Energy and Chiral Damping in the Asymmetric Expansion of Magnetic Bubbles

Arnab Ganguly, Senfu Zhang, Ioan Mihai Miron, Jürgen Kosel, Xixiang Zhang, Aurelien Manchon, Nirpendra Singh, Dalaver Anjum, Gobind Das

ACS Applied Electronic Materials 3:4734-4742 (2021)10.1021/acsaelm.1c00592

Crossover from diffusive to superfluid transport in frustrated magnets

V. M. L. D. P. Goli, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B 103:104425 (2021)10.1103/PhysRevB.103.104425

Skyrmion battery effect via inhomogeneous magnetic anisotropy

Xiawei Hao, Fengjun Zhuo, Aurélien Manchon, Xiaolin Wang, Hang Li, Zhenxiang Cheng

Applied Physics Reviews 8:021402 (2021)10.1063/5.0035622

Nonreciprocal charge transport up to room temperature in bulk Rashba semiconductor α-GeTe

Yan Li, Yang Li, Peng Li, Bin Fang, Xu Yang, Yan Wen, Dong-Xing Zheng, Chen-Hui Zhang, Xin He, Aurelien Manchon, Zhao-Hua Cheng, Xi-Xiang Zhang

Nature Communications 12:540 (2021)10.1038/s41467-020-20840-7

Dephasing of Transverse Spin Current in Ferrimagnetic Alloys

Youngmin Lim, Behrouz Khodadadi, Jie-Fang Li, Dwight Viehland, Aurelien Manchon, Satoru Emori

Physical Review B (2021)10.1103/PhysRevB.103.024443

Symmetry-dependent field-free switching of perpendicular magnetization

Liang Liu, Chenghang Zhou, Xinyu Shu, Changjian Li, Tieyang Zhao, Weinan Lin, Jinyu Deng, Qidong Xie, Shaohai Chen, Jing Zhou, Rui Guo, Han Wang, Jihang Yu, Shu Shi, Ping Yang, Stephen Pennycook, Aurelien Manchon, Jingsheng Chen

Nature Nanotechnology (2021)10.1038/s41565-020-00826-8

Emerging materials for spin–charge interconversion

Tiangxiang Nan, Daniel Ralph, Evgeny Tsymbal, Aurélien Manchon

APL Materials 9 (2021)10.1063/5.0076924

Chiral Helimagnetism and One‐Dimensional Magnetic Solitons in a Cr‐Intercalated Transition Metal Dichalcogenide

Chenhui Zhang, Junwei Zhang, Chen Liu, Senfu Zhang, Ye Yuan, Peng Li, Yan Wen, Ze Jiang, Bojian Zhou, Yongjiu Lei, Dongxing Zheng, Chengkun Song, Zhipeng Hou, Wenbo Mi, Udo Schwingenschlögl, Aurélien Manchon, Zi Qiang Qiu, Husam Alshareef, Yong Peng, Xi‐xiang Zhang

Advanced Materials 33:2101131 (2021)10.1002/adma.202101131

Topological phase transition and thermal Hall effect in kagome ferromagnets

Fengjun Zhuo, Hang Li, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B 104 (2021)10.1103/PhysRevB.104.144422