Magnétisme, spintronique, matière condensée
My research concerns theoretical condensed matter physics and in particular quantum transport in heterostructures. I develop theoretical models to explore novel ways to control magnetic order parameters and spin degree of freedom by electrical, thermal and optical means. The rational behind this approach is to address fundamental problems of condensed matter (the nature of spin-orbit coupled transport in ultrathin magnetic heterostructures, the orbital physics behind Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction etc.), and propose innovative mechanisms that can be exploited in disruptive spintronic devices.
Spintronics aims at marrying the science of spin, the fundamental rotational degree of freedom of the electron, with microelectronics technology. Whereas most of the commercial microelectronics available is based on the charge of the carrier (electron or hole), the objective of spintronics is to rely on the spin of the carrier to generate low-energy consumption functional devices.
This requires a profound understanding of condensed matter physics phenomena such as spin relaxation, decoherence and dynamics in complex magnetic structures. Our group focuses on a number of topics related to spin transport in hybrid devices, including spin transfer torque, spin-orbit coupled transport and torques, topological materials and ultrafast magnetization dynamics.
In order to explore new materials and discover novel physical phenomena, we use a variety of theoretical and computational tools, ranging from phenomenological approaches to realistic modeling, such as:
- Linear response theory, quantum kinetics and Kubo formula on model systems
- Non-equilibrium Green’s function methods implemented on real-space Hamiltonians (KWANT)
Antiferromagnetic materials could represent the future of spintronic applications thanks to the numerous interesting features they combine: they are robust against perturbation due to magnetic fields, produce no stray fields, display ultrafast THz dynamics, and are capable of generating large magneto-transport effects. Our research aims at understanding spin transport and magnetization dynamics in various classes of materials presenting antiferromagnetic order and explore their ability for electric manipulation and data storage.
For more information:
Antiferromagnetic spintronics, V. Baltz, A. Manchon, M. Tsoi, T. Moriyama, T. Ono, and Y. Tserkovnyak, Rev. Mod. Phys. 90, 015005 (2018).
The multiple directions of antiferromagnetic spintronics, T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. Manchon, X. Marti, J. Wunderlich, and C. Felser, Nat. Phys. 14, 200 (2018).
Spin-orbit physics in topological materials
Topological materials are a revolutionary class of systems displaying fascinating properties such as topologically protected, spin-momentum locked surface states combined with insulating bulk, or even Weyl-type energy dispersion. As such, they do not only offer room temperature, lab-accessible test bench for the realization of particle physics ideas, but they also present outstanding opportunities for spintronics applications. Our goal is to scrutinize these various systems to exploit their spin-orbitronics capabilities and uncover novel exciting phenomena. And if, during this charming trip, we encounter effective black holes and strange quasiparticles, it’s even more fun!
Magnetic topologies and textures
Chiral objects are ubiquitous in science and pose fundamental challenges, such as the importance of chiral molecules in commercial drugs or the dominance of matter over antimatter in the universe. Magnetic materials lacking inversion symmetry, called chiral magnets, constitute a unique platform for the exploration and control of chiral objects. Our objective here is to understand magnetization dynamics in chiral magnets and propose routes for improving these properties, always keeping in mind experimental realization and potential technological interest.
Spin-orbitronics in transition metals
Spin-orbit coupling is central to magnetism and spintronics, where it drives magnetic anisotropy, spin relaxation, magnetic damping, anisotropic magnetoresistance and anomalous Hall effect. Quite surprisingly, in spite of its already long history, this fundamental interaction has been pivotal to several revolutions in the past ten years. As a matter of fact, all the effects mentioned above exist in systems where inversion symmetry is preserved. But when inversion symmetry is broken, such as in certain classes of magnetic crystals or at interfaces, spin-orbit coupling triggers a number of fascinating phenomena such as antisymmetric magnetic exchange giving rise to topologically non-trivial magnetic textures, spin-momentum locking, spin-orbit torques, chiral magnetic damping etc. This broad area of research is called spin-orbitronics.
For more information:
Current-induced spin-orbit torques in ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic systems, A. Manchon, J. Zelezny, I. M. Miron, T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, K. Garello, and P. Gamberdella, Review of Modern Physics 91, 035004 (2019).
New perspectives for Rashba spin-orbit coupling, A. Manchon, H.C. Koo, J. Nitta, S.M. Frolov, R.A. Duine, Nature Materials 14, 871–882 (2015).
2007 PhD in Physics, University Joseph Fourier & CEA/DSM/INAC/SPINTEC laboratory, Grenoble, France
2004 Master of Science “Lasers and Matter” Summa Cum Laude, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau & University Paris XI, Orsay, France
2004 Master of Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
2019-Now Professor of Physics, Centre Interdisciplinaire de Nanoscience de Marseille (CINaM), Aix-Marseille University, France
2015-2019 Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, affiliated with Electrical Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
2009-2015 Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
2007-2009 Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri-Columbia and University of Arizona-Tucson, USA
2004-2007 Research Fellow, CEA/DSM/INAC/SPINTEC laboratory, Grenoble, France
2003-2004 Research Assistant, ONERA, Palaiseau, France
FELLOWSHIPS AND AWARDS
2020 Wohlfarth Lecturer, awarded by IOP Magnetism group and IEEE UK Magnetic Chapter.
2017 Selected by the Editorial Board of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter as an Emerging Leader
Yan Li, Yang Li, Peng Li, Bin Fang, Xu Yang, Yan Wen, Dong-Xing Zheng, Chen-Hui Zhang, Xin He, Aurelien Manchon, Zhao-Hua Cheng, Xi-Xiang Zhang
Nature Communications 12:540 (2021)10.1038/s41467-020-20840-7
Youngmin Lim, Behrouz Khodadadi, Jie-Fang Li, Dwight Viehland, Aurelien Manchon, Satoru Emori
Physical Review B (2021)10.1103/PhysRevB.103.024443
Rehab Albaridy, Aurelien Manchon, Udo Schwingenschlögl
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 32:355702 (2020)10.1088/1361-648x/ab8986
Varga Bonbien, Aurélien Manchon
Two-Dimensional Electron Gas at Spinel/Perovskite Interface: Suppression of Polar Catastrophe by an Ultrathin Layer of Interfacial Defects
Junfeng Ding, Jianli Cheng, Fatih Dogan, Yangyang Li, Weinan Lin, Yinbang Yao, Aurelien Manchon, Kesong Yang, Tom Wu
Feliciano Giustino, Manuel Bibes, Jin Hong Lee, Felix Trier, Roser Valentí, Stephen Winter, Young-Woo Son, Louis Taillefer, Christoph Heil, Adriana Figueroa, Bernard Placais, Quansheng Wu, Oleg Yazyev, Erik Bakkers, Jesper Nygård, Pol Forn-Díaz, Silvano de Franceschi, Luis Foa Torres, James Mciver, Anshuman Kumar, Tony Low, Regina Galceran, Sergio Valenzuela, Marius Vasile Costache, Aurelien Manchon, Eun-Ah Kim, Gabriel Ravanhani Schleder, Adalberto Fazzio, Stephan Roche
Journal of Physics: Materials (2020)10.1088/2515-7639/abb74e
Ahmed Hajr, Abdulkarim Hariri, Guilhem Manchon, Sumit Ghosh, Aurelien Manchon
Physical Review B (2020)10.1103/PhysRevB.102.224427
Xin He, Yan Wen, Chenhui Zhang, Peng Li, Dongxing Zheng, Aitian Chen, Aurelien Manchon, Xixiang Zhang
Carbon 172:474-479 (2020)10.1016/j.carbon.2020.10.050
Slimane Laref, Kyoung-Whan Kim, Aurélien Manchon
Slimane Laref, Sumit Ghosh, Evgeny Tsymbal, Aurelien Manchon
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015) (2020)10.1103/PhysRevB.101.220410
Liang Liu, Chenghang Zhou, Xinyu Shu, Changjian Li, Tieyang Zhao, Weinan Lin, Jinyu Deng, Qidong Xie, Shaohai Chen, Jing Zhou, Rui Guo, Han Wang, Jihang Yu, Shu Shi, Ping Yang, Stephen Pennycook, Aurelien Manchon, Jingsheng Chen
Aurelien Manchon, Jakub Železný
Physics 13 (2020)10.1103/physics.13.112
Guilhem Manchon, Sumit Ghosh, Cyrille Barreteau, Aurélien Manchon
Meng Tang, Ka Shen, Shijie Xu, Huanglin Yang, Shuai Hu, Weiming Lü, Changjian Li, Mengsha Li, Zhe Yuan, Stephen Pennycook, Ke Xia, Aurelien Manchon, Shiming Zhou, Xuepeng Qiu
Advanced Materials (2020)10.1002/adma.202002607
Qiang Zhang, Dongxing Zheng, Yan Wen, Yuelei Zhao, Wenbo Mi, Aurelien Manchon, Olivier Boulle, Xixiang Zhang
Physical Review B (2020)10.1103/PhysRevB.00.004400
Interface-based tuning of Rashba spin-orbit interaction in asymmetric oxide heterostructures with 3d electrons
Weinan Lin, Lei Li, Fatih Doğan, Changjian Li, Hélène Rotella, Xiaojiang Yu, Bangmin Zhang, Yangyang Li, Wen Siang Lew, Shijie Wang, Wilfrid Prellier, Stephen Pennycook, Jingsheng Chen, Zhicheng Zhong, Aurelien Manchon, Tom Wu
Nature Communications 10 (2019)10.1038/s41467-019-10961-z
Adel Abbout, Joseph Weston, Xavier Waintal, Aurélien Manchon
Physical Review Letters 121:257203 (2018)10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.257203
Christian Ortiz Pauyac, Mairbek Chshiev, Aurélien Manchon, Sergey Nikolaev
Physical Review Letters 120:176802 (2018)10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.176802
Hamed Ben Mohamed Saidaoui, Xavier Waintal, Aurélien Manchon
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015) 95 (2017)10.1103/PhysRevB.95.134424
Collins Ashu Akosa, Ioan Mihai Miron, Gilles Gaudin, Aurélien Manchon
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015) 93 (2016)10.1103/PhysRevB.93.214429
Emilie Jué, C. k. Safeer, Marc Drouard, Alexandre Lopez, Paul Balint, Liliana Buda-Prejbeanu, Olivier Boulle, Stephane Auffret, A. Schuhl, Aurelien Manchon, Ioan Mihai Miron, Gilles Gaudin
Nature Materials 15:272-277 (2016)10.1038/nmat4518
A. Useinov, Mairbek Chshiev, Aurelien Manchon
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015) 91:064412 (2015)10.1103/PhysRevB.91.064412
Christian Ortiz Pauyac, Alan Kalitsov, Aurelien Manchon, Mairbek Chshiev
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015) 90 (2014)10.1103/PhysRevB.90.235417
Hamed Ben Mohamed Saidaoui, Aurélien Manchon, Xavier Waintal
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015) 89 (2014)10.1103/PhysRevB.89.174430
Christian Ortiz Pauyac, Xuhui Wang, Mairbek Chshiev, Aurelien Manchon
Applied Physics Letters 102:252403 (2013)10.1063/1.4812663
Aurélien Manchon, Clarisse Ducruet, Lucien Lombard, Stéphane Auffret, Bernard Rodmacq, Bernard Dieny, Stefania Pizzini, Jan Vogel, Vojtech Uhlir, Michael Hochstrasser, Giancarlo Panaccione
Journal of Applied Physics 104:043914 (2008)10.1063/1.2969711
Aurélien Manchon, Stefania Pizzini, Jan Vogel, Vojtech Uhlir, Lucien Lombard, Clarisse Ducruet, Stéphane Auffret, Bernard Rodmacq, Bernard Dieny, Michael Hochstrasser, Giancarlo Panaccione
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 320:1889-1892 (2008)10.1016/j.jmmm.2008.02.131