Aurélien Manchon

Axe

Théorie et Simulation Numérique

E-mail

manchon@cinam.univ-mrs.fr

Phone

+33(0)6 62 92 28 98

Fax

+33(0)4 91 41 89 16

Localisation

R3

Grade

PU2

Fonction

enseignant - chercheur

manchon.jpg

Activité

Magnétisme, spintronique, matière condensée

Thèmes

My research concerns theoretical condensed matter physics and in particular quantum transport in heterostructures. I develop theoretical models to explore novel ways to control magnetic order parameters and spin degree of freedom by electrical, thermal and optical means. The rational behind this approach is to address fundamental problems of condensed matter (the nature of spin-orbit coupled transport in ultrathin magnetic heterostructures, the orbital physics behind Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction etc.), and propose innovative mechanisms that can be exploited in disruptive spintronic devices. 

Spintronics aims at marrying the science of spin, the fundamental rotational degree of freedom of the electron, with microelectronics technology. Whereas most of the commercial microelectronics available is based on the charge of the carrier (electron or hole), the objective of spintronics is to rely on the spin of the carrier to generate low-energy consumption functional devices.

This requires a profound understanding of condensed matter physics phenomena such as spin relaxation, decoherence and dynamics in complex magnetic structures. Our group focuses on a number of topics related to spin transport in hybrid devices, including spin transfer torque, spin-orbit coupled transport and torques, topological materials and ultrafast magnetization dynamics.

 

Computational methods

In order to explore new materials and discover novel physical phenomena, we use a variety of theoretical and computational tools, ranging from phenomenological approaches to realistic modeling, such as: 

- Linear response theory, quantum kinetics and Kubo formula on model systems

- Non-equilibrium Green’s function methods implemented on real-space Hamiltonians​ (KWANT)

- Density functional theory (VASPFLEURATK etc.)

- Micromagnetic modeling (OOMMFmuMag​ etc.)

Recherche

Antiferromagnetic spintronics

Antiferromagnetic materials could represent the future of spintronic applications thanks to the numerous interesting features they combine: they are robust against perturbation due to magnetic fields, produce no stray fields, display ultrafast THz dynamics, and are capable of generating large magneto-transport effects. Our research aims at understanding spin transport and magnetization dynamics in various classes of materials presenting antiferromagnetic order and explore their ability for electric manipulation and data storage.​​​​​​​​​​​​​

For more information:

Antiferromagnetic spintronics, V. Baltz, A. Manchon, M. Tsoi, T. Moriyama, T. Ono, and Y. Tserkovnyak, Rev. Mod. Phys. 90, 015005 (2018).

The multiple directions of antiferromagnetic spintronics, T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. Manchon, X. Marti, J. Wunderlich, and C. Felser, Nat. Phys. 14, 200 (2018).

Spin-orbit physics in topological materials

Topological materials are a revolutionary class of systems displaying fascinating properties such as topologically protected, spin-momentum locked surface states combined with insulating bulk, or even Weyl-type energy dispersion. As such, they do not only offer room temperature, lab-accessible test bench for the realization of particle physics ideas, but they also present outstanding opportunities for spintronics applications. Our goal is to scrutinize these various systems to exploit their spin-orbitronics capabilities and uncover novel exciting phenomena. And if, during this charming trip, we encounter effective black holes and strange quasiparticles, it’s even more fun!​​​​​​​​​

Magnetic topologies and textures

Chiral objects are ubiquitous in science and pose fundamental challenges, such as the importance of chiral molecules in commercial drugs or the dominance of matter over antimatter in the universe. Magnetic materials lacking inversion symmetry, called chiral magnets, constitute a unique platform for the exploration and control of chiral objects. Our objective here is to understand magnetization dynamics in chiral magnets and propose routes for improving these properties, always keeping in mind experimental realization and potential technological interest.

Spin-orbitronics in transition metals

Spin-orbit coupling is central to magnetism and spintronics, where it drives magnetic anisotropy, spin relaxation, magnetic damping, anisotropic magnetoresistance and anomalous Hall effect. Quite surprisingly, in spite of its already long history, this fundamental interaction has been pivotal to several revolutions in the past ten years. As a matter of fact, all the effects mentioned above exist in systems where inversion symmetry is preserved. But when inversion symmetry is broken, such as in certain classes of magnetic crystals or at interfaces, spin-orbit coupling triggers a number of fascinating phenomena such as antisymmetric magnetic exchange giving rise to topologically non-trivial magnetic textures, spin-momentum locking, spin-orbit torques, chiral magnetic damping etc. This broad area of research is called spin-orbitronics. 

For more information:

Current-induced spin-orbit torques in ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic systems, A. Manchon, J. Zelezny, I. M. Miron, T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, K. Garello, and P. Gamberdella, Review of Modern Physics 91, 035004 (2019).

New perspectives for Rashba spin-orbit coupling, A. Manchon, H.C. Koo, J. Nitta, S.M. Frolov, R.A. Duine, Nature Materials 14, 871–882 (2015).  

 

Parcours

EDUCATION

 2007                PhD in Physics, University Joseph Fourier & CEA/DSM/INAC/SPINTEC laboratory, Grenoble, France

2004                Master of Science “Lasers and Matter” Summa Cum Laude, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau & University Paris XI, Orsay, France

2004                Master of Engineering,  Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France

CURRENT POSITION  

2019-Now       Professor of Physics, Centre Interdisciplinaire de Nanoscience de Marseille (CINaM), Aix-Marseille University, France

PREVIOUS POSITIONS  

2015-2019      Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, affiliated with Electrical Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

2009-2015      Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

2007-2009       Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri-Columbia and University of Arizona-Tucson, USA

2004-2007       Research Fellow, CEA/DSM/INAC/SPINTEC laboratory, Grenoble, France

2003-2004       Research Assistant, ONERA, Palaiseau, France

FELLOWSHIPS AND AWARDS 

2020                Wohlfarth Lecturer, awarded by IOP Magnetism group and IEEE UK Magnetic Chapter.

2017                Selected by the Editorial Board of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter as an Emerging Leader

 

Publications

2020

Tunable magnetic anisotropy in Cr–trihalide Janus monolayers

Rehab Albaridy, Aurelien Manchon, Udo Schwingenschlögl

Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 32:355702 (2020)10.1088/1361-648x/ab8986

A symmetrized decomposition of the Kubo-Bastin formula

Varga Bonbien, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2020)

Two-Dimensional Electron Gas at Spinel/Perovskite Interface: Suppression of Polar Catastrophe by an Ultrathin Layer of Interfacial Defects

Junfeng Ding, Jianli Cheng, Fatih Dogan, Yangyang Li, Weinan Lin, Yinbang Yao, Aurelien Manchon, Kesong Yang, Tom Wu

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2020)

The 2020 Quantum Materials Roadmap

Feliciano Giustino, Manuel Bibes, Jin Hong Lee, Felix Trier, Roser Valentí, Stephen Winter, Young-Woo Son, Louis Taillefer, Christoph Heil, Adriana Figueroa, Bernard Placais, Quansheng Wu, Oleg Yazyev, Erik Bakkers, Jesper Nygård, Pol Forn-Díaz, Silvano de Franceschi, Luis Foa Torres, James Mciver, Anshuman Kumar, Tony Low, Regina Galceran, Sergio Valenzuela, Marius Vasile Costache, Aurelien Manchon, Eun-Ah Kim, Gabriel Ravanhani Schleder, Adalberto Fazzio, Stephan Roche

Journal of Physics: Materials (2020)10.1088/2515-7639/abb74e

Spin transport in multilayer graphene away from the charge neutrality point

Xin He, Yan Wen, Chenhui Zhang, Peng Li, Dongxing Zheng, Aitian Chen, Aurelien Manchon, Xixiang Zhang

Carbon 172:474-479 (2020)10.1016/j.carbon.2020.10.050

Elusive Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Fe 3 GeTe 2 monolayer

Slimane Laref, Kyoung-Whan Kim, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2020)

Induced Spin-texture at 3d Transition Metal/Topological Insulator Interfaces

Slimane Laref, Sumit Ghosh, Evgeny Tsymbal, Aurelien Manchon

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2020)10.1103/PhysRevB.101.220410

Symmetry-dependent field-free switching of perpendicular magnetization

Liang Liu, Chenghang Zhou, Xinyu Shu, Changjian Li, Tieyang Zhao, Weinan Lin, Jinyu Deng, Qidong Xie, Shaohai Chen, Jing Zhou, Rui Guo, Han Wang, Jihang Yu, Shu Shi, Ping Yang, Stephen Pennycook, Aurelien Manchon, Jingsheng Chen

Nature Nanotechnology (2020)

Semi-realistic tight-binding model for spin-orbit torques

Guilhem Manchon, Sumit Ghosh, Cyrille Barreteau, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2020)

Bulk spin torque driven perpendicular magnetization switching in L1 0 FePt

Meng Tang, Ka Shen, Shijie Xu, Huanglin Yang, Shuai Hu, Weiming Lü, Changjian Li, Mengsha Li, Zhe Yuan, Stephen Pennycook, Ke Xia, Aurelien Manchon, Shiming Zhou, Xuepeng Qiu

Advanced Materials (2020)10.1002/adma.202002607

Effect of surface roughness on the anomalous Hall effect in Fe thin films

Qiang Zhang, Dongxing Zheng, Yan Wen, Yuelei Zhao, Wenbo Mi, Aurelien Manchon, Olivier Boulle, Xixiang Zhang

Physical Review B (2020)10.1103/PhysRevB.00.004400

2019

Interface-based tuning of Rashba spin-orbit interaction in asymmetric oxide heterostructures with 3d electrons

Weinan Lin, Lei Li, Fatih Doğan, Changjian Li, Hélène Rotella, Xiaojiang Yu, Bangmin Zhang, Yangyang Li, Wen Siang Lew, Shijie Wang, Wilfrid Prellier, Stephen Pennycook, Jingsheng Chen, Zhicheng Zhong, Aurélien Manchon, Tom Wu

Nature Communications 10 (2019)10.1038/s41467-019-10961-z

Interface-based tuning of Rashba spin-orbit interaction in asymmetric oxide heterostructures with 3d electrons

Weinan Lin, Lei Li, Fatih Doğan, Changjian Li, Hélène Rotella, Xiaojiang Yu, Bangmin Zhang, Yangyang Li, Wen Siang Lew, Shijie Wang, Wilfrid Prellier, Stephen Pennycook, Jingsheng Chen, Zhicheng Zhong, Aurelien Manchon, Tom Wu

Nature Communications 10 (2019)10.1038/s41467-019-10961-z

2018

Cooperative Charge Pumping and Enhanced Skyrmion Mobility

Adel Abbout, Joseph Weston, Xavier Waintal, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review Letters 121:257203 (2018)10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.257203

Spin Hall and Spin Swapping Torques in Diffusive Ferromagnets

Christian Ortiz Pauyac, Mairbek Chshiev, Aurélien Manchon, Sergey Nikolaev

Physical Review Letters 120:176802 (2018)10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.176802

2017

Robust spin transfer torque in antiferromagnetic tunnel junctions

Hamed Ben Mohamed Saidaoui, Xavier Waintal, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 95 (2017)10.1103/PhysRevB.95.134424

2016

Phenomenology of chiral damping in noncentrosymmetric magnets

Collins Ashu Akosa, Ioan Mihai Miron, Gilles Gaudin, Aurélien Manchon

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 93 (2016)10.1103/PhysRevB.93.214429

Chiral damping of magnetic domain walls

Emilie Jué, C. k. Safeer, Marc Drouard, Alexandre Lopez, Paul Balint, Liliana Buda-Prejbeanu, Olivier Boulle, Stephane Auffret, A. Schuhl, Aurelien Manchon, Ioan Mihai Miron, Gilles Gaudin

Nature Materials 15:272-277 (2016)10.1038/nmat4518

2015

Controlling the spin-torque efficiency with ferroelectric barriers

A. Useinov, Mairbek Chshiev, Aurelien Manchon

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 91:064412 (2015)10.1103/PhysRevB.91.064412

2014

Spin-transfer torque in spin filter tunnel junctions

Christian Ortiz Pauyac, Alan Kalitsov, Aurelien Manchon, Mairbek Chshiev

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 90 (2014)10.1103/PhysRevB.90.235417

Spin transfer torque in antiferromagnetic spin valves: From clean to disordered regimes

Hamed Ben Mohamed Saidaoui, Aurélien Manchon, Xavier Waintal

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 89 (2014)10.1103/PhysRevB.89.174430

2013

Angular dependence and symmetry of Rashba spin torque in ferromagnetic heterostructures

Christian Ortiz Pauyac, Xuhui Wang, Mairbek Chshiev, Aurelien Manchon

Applied Physics Letters 102:252403 (2013)10.1063/1.4812663

2008

Analysis of anisotropy crossover due to oxygen in Pt/Co/MOx trilayer

Aurélien Manchon, Clarisse Ducruet, Lucien Lombard, Stéphane Auffret, Bernard Rodmacq, Bernard Dieny, Stefania Pizzini, Jan Vogel, Vojtech Uhlir, Michael Hochstrasser, Giancarlo Panaccione

Journal of Applied Physics 104:043914 (2008)10.1063/1.2969711

X-Ray Analysis of Oxygen-induced Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy in Pt/Co/AlOx trilayer

Aurélien Manchon, Stefania Pizzini, Jan Vogel, Vojtech Uhlir, Lucien Lombard, Clarisse Ducruet, Stéphane Auffret, Bernard Rodmacq, Bernard Dieny, Michael Hochstrasser, Giancarlo Panaccione

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 320:1889-1892 (2008)10.1016/j.jmmm.2008.02.131